This page contains a bibliography of texts about Lebanon in European languages. Bold-faced entries are deemed to be especially valuable contributions or good starting-points in the literature, at least by the readership of this blog.

The focus is primarily political and historical. Over time, I intend to add a section of memoirs, works of fiction, and films. In the meantime, feel free to make additional suggestions in the comment section below.


AbuKhalil, As`ad. Historical Dictionary of Lebanon. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1998.

Ajami, Fouad. The Vanished Imam: Musa al-Sadr and the Shia of Lebanon. Ithica: Cornell University Press, 1986.

Alagha, Joseph. The Shifts in Hizbullah’s Ideology: Religious Ideology, Political Ideology, and Political Program. Leiden: Amsterdam University Press, 2006.

Ang, Swee Chai. From Beirut to Jerusalem. London: Grafton, 1989.

Barak, Oren. The Lebanese Army: A National Institution in a Divided Society. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2009.

Blanford, Nicholas. Killing Mr. Lebanon. London: I.B. Tauris, 2006.

Chaitani, Youssef. Post-colonial Syria and Lebanon: The Decline of Arab Nationalism and the Triumph of the State. New York: I.B. Taurus, 2007.

Chehabi, H.E., ed. Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years. London: The Centre for Lebanese Studies, 2006.

Corm, Georges. Le Liban Contemporain: Histoire et Société. Paris: La Découverte, 2003.

Deeb, Lara. An Enchanted Modern: Gender and Public Piety in Shi`i Lebanon. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Dib, Kamal. Warlords and Merchants: The Lebanese Business and Political Establishment. Reading, England: Ithica Press, 2004.

El-Khazin, Farid. Breakdown of the State in Lebanon: 1967-1976. Translated by Shukri Rihyyim. Beirut: Dar al-Nahar, 2002.

Fawaz, Leila. An Occasion for War: Civil Conflict in Lebanon and Damascus in 1860. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Fisk, Robert. Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Friedman, Thomas. From Beirut to Jerusalem. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

Gilmour, David. Lebanon, the Fractured Country. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1983.

Gilsenan, Michael. Lords of the Lebanese Marches: Violence and Narrative in Arab Society. London: I.B. Tauris, 1996.

Hamzeh, Ahmad Nizar. In the Path of Hizbullah. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2004.

Harik, Judith Palmer. Hezbollah: The Changing Face of Terrorism. London: I. B. Tauris, 2004.

Harris, William. The New Face of Lebanon: History’s Revenge. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2006.

Hourani, Albert and Nadim Shehadi. eds. The Lebanese in the World: A Century of Emigration. London: I.B. Tauris, 1992.

Hovsepian, Nubar. The War on Lebanon: A Reader. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press, 2008.

Institut français du Proche-Orient. Atlas du Liban: Territoires et Société. Beirut: Institut français du Proche-Orient, 2007.

Johnson, Michael. All Honourable Men: The Social Origins of War in Lebanon. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2001.

Kassir, Samir. Histoire de Beyrouth. Paris: Fayard, 2003.

Kassir, Samir. La Guerre du Liban: De la Dissension Nationale au Conflit Régional, 1975-1982. Paris: Karthala, 1994.

Kaufman, Asher. Reviving Phoenicia: In Search of Identity in Lebanon. London: I.B. Tauris, 2004.

Khalaf, Samir. Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Leeuwen, Richard Van. Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: The Khazin Sheikhs and the Maronite Church, 1736-1840. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994.

Maasri, Zeina. Off the Wall: Political Posters of the Lebanese Civil War. London: I.B. Tauris, 2009.

Makdisi, Usams. The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

Naff, Alixa. Becoming American: The Early Arab Immigrant Experience. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1985.

Noe, Nicholas, ed. Voice of Hezbollah: The Statements of Sayed Hassan Nasrallah. Translated by Ellen Khouri. London: Verso, 2007.

Norton, Augustus R. Hezbollah: A Short History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Norton, Augustus Richard. Amal and the Shi`a: Struggle for the Soul of Lebanon. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987.

O’Ballance, Edgar. Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Phares, Walid. Lebanese Christian Nationalism: The Rise and Fall of an Ethnic Resistance. Boulder, CO: L. Rienner, 1995.

Picard, Elizabeth. Lebanon, A Shattered Country: Myths and Realities of the Wars in Lebanon. New York: Holmes & Meier, 2002.

Qassem, Naim. Hizbullah: The Story from Within. Translated by Dalia Khalil. London: Saqi, 2005.

Rabbath, Edmond. La Formation Historique du Liban Politique et Constitutionnel: Essai de Synthèse. Beirut: Université Libanaise, 1986.

Rabinovich, Itamar. The War for Lebanon, 1970-1985. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Ranstorp, Magnus. Hizb’allah in Lebanon: The Politics of the Western Hostage Crisis. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Rougier, Bernard. Everyday Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam among Palestinians in Lebanon. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Saad-Ghorayeb, Amal. Hizbu’llah: Politics and Religion. London: Pluto Press, 2002.

Saleh, Nabil. The Qadi and the Fortune Teller. London: Quartet Books, 1996. Reprint, Northampton, MA: Interlink Books, 2008.

Salibi, Kamal. A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered. London: I.B. Tauris, 1988.

Salibi, Kamal. Cross Roads to Civil War: Lebanon, 1958-1976. Delmar, NY: Caravan Books, 1976.

Salibi, Kamal. The Modern History of Lebanon. Delmar, NY: Caravan Books, 1977.

Sarkis, Jean. Histoire de la Guerre du Liban. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1993.

Sayigh, Rosemary. Too Many Enemies. London: Zed Books, 1994.

Schiff, Ze’ev and Ehud Ya’ari. Israel’s Lebanon War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.

Shehadi, Nadim and Dana H. Mills. Lebanon: A History of Conflict and Consensus. London: Centre for Lebanese Studies, 1988.

Traboulsi, Fawwaz. A History of Modern Lebanon. London: Pluto Press, 2007.

Zachs, Fruma. The Making of Syrian Identity: Intellectuals and Merchants in Nineteenth Century Beirut. Leiden: Brill, 2005.

Zamir, Meir. Lebanon’s Quest: The Road to Statehood, 1926-1939. London: I.B. Tauris, 1997.

Zamir, Meir. The Formation of Modern Lebanon. London: Croom Helm, 1985.

Zurayk, Rami. From `Akkar to `Amel, Lebanon ‘ s Slow Food Trail: Places, Products and Producers from Lebanon. Beirut: Dots Printing Press, 2008.


6 thoughts on “Bibliographies

  1. Here is link to silesian library in Katowice I on Keyword Liban- polish name of Lebanon so maybe you can add more books some of them are translated from russian or english but more interesting for you maybe polish guide book about Beirut from 1946 you can find it under Bejrut- polish name of Beirut. They make mistake and place Green book written by Muammar Qadafi in Liban section

    Posted by Piotr Chmielarz | November 1, 2009, 12:39 pm
  2. Akarli, Engin Deniz. The Long Peace: Ottoman Lebanon, 1861-1920. London: I.B. Tauris, 1993.

    Barakat, Halim (ed.) Toward a Viable Lebanon. London: Croom Helm, 1988.

    Beydoun, Ahmad. Le Liban: Itineraires Dans Une Guerre Incivile. Paris: Karthala, 1993.

    Binder, Leonard (ed.) Politics in Lebanon. New York: Wiley, 1966.

    Farah, Caesar E. The Politics of Intervention in Ottoman Lebanon, 1830-1861. London: I.B. Tauris, 1994.

    Hanf, Theodor. Coexistence in Wartime Lebanon: Death of a State and Birth of a Nation. London: I.B. Tauris, 1993.

    Hanssen, Jens. Fin de Siecle Beirut: the Making of an Ottoman Provincial Capital. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2005.

    Harik, Iliya F. Politics and Change in a Traditional Society: Lebanon, 1711-1845. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968.

    Hitti, Philip K. Lebanon in History. New York: Macmillan, 1957.

    Hourani, Albert H. Political Society in Lebanon: A Historical Introduction. London: Center for Lebanese Studies, ?

    Hourani, Albert H. Syria and Lebanon, A Political Essay. London: Oxford University Press, 1954.

    Hudson, Michael C. The Precarious Republic: Political Modernization in Lebanon. New York: Random House, 1968.

    Khalaf, Samir. Lebanon’s Predicament. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

    Khalaf, Samir. Persistence and Change in 19th Century Lebanon, A Sociological Essay. Beirut: American University Press, 1979.

    Makdissi, Ussama. Artillery of Heaven: American Missionaries and the Failed Conversion of the Middle East. Ithica: Cornell University Press, 2008.

    Owen, Roger (ed.) Essays on the Crisis in Lebanon. London: Ithica Press, 1976.

    Polk, William R. The Opening of South Lebanon, 1788-1840. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.

    Salibi, Kamal S. The Maronite Historians of Medieval Lebanon. Beirut: Naufal, 1991.

    Posted by david | November 8, 2009, 12:04 pm
  3. This is a brilliant initiative, but I’d really appreciate it if the bibliography could also be arranged more thematically. Perhaps add a couple of keywords or something to each entry? It can be hard to tell from the title why a particular book is so great.

    Posted by alle | November 8, 2009, 6:28 pm
  4. alle,

    I think the best thing to do, in the long run, is to organize the bibliography thematically. When I find some time, I’ll do it.

    Posted by Qifa Nabki | November 8, 2009, 8:49 pm
  5. I’m certainly no authority but obvious omissions here include:

    Hirst, D., Beware of Small States
    Blanford, N., Warriors of God
    Makarem, S., The Druze Faith

    On the fiction side:

    Al-Shaykh, H., The Story of Zahra
    Al-Shaykh, H., Beirut Blues
    Khoury, E., Gate of the Sun

    Might be worth noting that Kassir’s ‘Beirut’ is now available in English.

    Finally, as a suggestion, could you name any books specifically dealing with the ideologies of various Lebanese parties? I found Saad-Ghorayeb’s volume on Hizbullah useful. But are there any works in English detailing the intellectual foundations of e.g. Kata’eb; SSNP; Amal; PSP thought (to the extent that they may be so described…)?

    Posted by Alex R (@disgraceofgod) | December 22, 2011, 7:29 am


  1. Pingback: Lebanon Bibliography Launched « Qifa Nabki - October 25, 2009

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